Replication Researcher: Fernando Martel García
Original Paper Title: Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya
Original Researcher: Pascaline Dupas
Original Publication: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics
Replication plan: Martel's Replication Plan
Current Status: Grant Cancelled
The Original Study
This paper uses a randomized experiment to study the effect of receiving specific HIV risk information on teenagers’ sexual behaviour. Schools were randomly selected to (1) receive teacher training (TT) and teach the official risk avoidance messaging HIV curriculum; (2) provide the Relative Risk Information Campaign (RR), including information on HIV prevalence rates by age and gender; or (3) provide the official HIV curriculum without any additional teacher training. The intervention was evaluated using ordinary least squares (OLS) and difference-in-difference (DID) estimation techniques. Providing information on the risk of HIV infection by partner’s age (RR) reduced the incidence of childbearing by 28 per cent. In contrast, the official HIV curriculum, combined with a teacher training (TT) programme, was shown to have no impact on the incidence of childbearing.
The first objective of this replication research is to assess the procedural reliability of the original study. That is, establish whether the published findings can be reproduced using the study’s own data and methods, and evaluate the quality of the reporting and the risk of bias from the procedures used. The second objective is to investigate the extent to which policy recommendations are supported by the study findings.