Measuring poverty in Mexico
Speaker: Gonzalo Hernández Licona, Executive Secretary, National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL), Mexico
Discussant: Dr Jyotsna Puri, Deputy Executive Director and Head of Evaluation Office, 3ie
Chair: Dr Ajay Chhibber, Director General, Independent Evaluation Office, Government of India
Date: 27 February, 3.30-5.00 p.m.
Venue: ISID Complex, Plot No.4, Vasant Kunj Institutional Area, New Delhi
In 2009, Mexico’s National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL) adopted a new multidimensional metric for measuring poverty. Unlike traditional measures of poverty, that relies on monetary indicators like income and gross domestic product (GDP), this metric conceives poverty in terms of three analytical spaces -- social rights, economic well-being and territorial context where the population interacts. This is the first national model to reflect on poverty in terms of social components like health, education, housing, social cohesion, access to food and basic services. This multidimensional mechanism has guided public policy and helped reduce poverty and vulnerability through better economic and social programmes.
Gonzalo Hernandez Licona will present how this poverty measurement metric was implemented in Mexico and the way it changed public policy.