Livelihood impacts of climate change mitigation and adaptation: evaluating an incentive-based forest carbon management scheme in Bolivia

Publication Details

This impact evaluation grant in Bolivia was cancelled. 

Nigel Asquith, Sandro Diez Amigo, Tara Grillos, Kelsey Jack, Andrea Markos, Tito Vidaurre
Institutional affiliations
None specified
Grant-holding institution
None specified
Latin America and the Caribbean
Environment and Disaster Management
None specified
Gender analysis
None specified
Gender analysis
Equity Focus
None specified
Evaluation design
Randomised Control Trials (RCT)
Cancelled Grant
3ie Funding Window
Development Priorities Window 1


Payments for environmental services (PES) are conditional cash transfers to the providers of environmental services (such as upstream forest owners). While a number of studies have investigated the effectiveness of individual-level PES contracts, less is known about the PES model applied to communally owned land. Group-level payments have added complexities: both the dynamics of the group and the processes through which group decision making is facilitated may affect outcomes. For instance, in a context where land is communally owned, compensations could take the form of development projects that benefit the entire community as a whole.

This evaluation was meant to enable better understanding of group participation and decision-making processes to the overall effectiveness of communal PES schemes.

The grant for this impact evaluation has been terminated.

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