This impact evaluation grant in Bolivia was cancelled.
Payments for environmental services (PES) are conditional cash transfers to the providers of environmental services (such as upstream forest owners). While a number of studies have investigated the effectiveness of individual-level PES contracts, less is known about the PES model applied to communally owned land. Group-level payments have added complexities: both the dynamics of the group and the processes through which group decision making is facilitated may affect outcomes. For instance, in a context where land is communally owned, compensations could take the form of development projects that benefit the entire community as a whole.
This evaluation was meant to enable better understanding of group participation and decision-making processes to the overall effectiveness of communal PES schemes.
The grant for this impact evaluation has been terminated.