Snilstveit, B., Stevenson, J., Langer, L., Polanin, J., Shemilt, I., Eyers, J. and Ferraro, P. J. (2017). Incentives for climate mitigation in the land use sector: a systematic review of the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on environmental and socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Campbell Collaboration.Link to Source
Snilstveit and colleagues are currently conducting a review on the effects of Payment for Environmental Services (PES) programmes on environmental and socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries (L&MICs). PES programmes are an incentive-based mechanism in which 'users' (often a governemnt or NGO acting on behalf of the community) pay 'providers', including land owners, additional money conditional on them changing how they manage natural resources. This will include identifying and synthesising evidence on how effects vary by programme design, implementation, context and sub-group of participants. The authors will also attempt to analyze the cost-effectiveness of programmes.