Korth, M., Stewart, R., Langer, L., Madinga, N., Rebelo Da Silva, N., Zaranyika, H., van Rooyen, C. and de Wet, T. (2014) What are the impacts of urban agriculture programs on food security in low and middle-income countries: a systematic review. Environmental Evidence. 3(21).Link to Source
One of the most pressing problems facing the developing world’s growing urban populations is urban food insecurity, a result of increasing food-price volatility and high levels of urban poverty. Urban agriculture is an intervention type which proposes to relieve this problem. The term itself encompasses a variety of intervention types related to urban farming systems, located in urban or peri-urban settings. They include interventions focusing on growing, processing and distributing a diverse range of food and non-food products, mainly within the urban area itself. It is thought to affect food security and nutrition through two main pathways: direct access and consumption of home-grown food, or through higher income from sales of home-grown food.
Objectives of the review as stated in the protocol: ‘This review aims to address the gap in our knowledge about UA (urban agriculture) in low and middle-income countries. It seeks to provide a solid evidence base for policy makers, practitioners and members of the international donor community on the feasibility, benefits and cost of urban food cultivation.’
The authors will include impact-evaluation studies that measure the effectiveness of urban agriculture interventions (as a livelihoods strategy) in improving food security, nutrition and income, focusing on people in urban and peri-urban contexts undertaking urban agriculture in low- and middle-income countries. The inclusion criteria require that studies use a comparison group. If there are sufficient data available, the authors will undertake a meta-analysis.