Annamalai, T. A., Narayanan, S., Devkar, G., Kumar, V. S., Devaraj, R., Ayyangar, A., Mahalingam, A. (2016) Protocol for a Systematic Portfolio Review: To What Extent have the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Sub-sectors Incorporated the Life-cycle Approach into Policies, Programmes and Projects during the MDG Period? New Delhi: International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie)Link to Source
This review is a systematic portfolio review. It aims to identify the portfolio of WASH policies and programmes implemented by different multilateral agencies, international aid agencies and governments and assess the extent to which they have incorporated the Life-Cycle Approach (LCA). The basic premise of LCA is to understand the challenges and disabilities faced by people across their life-span.
Authors’ stated objectives: "This systematic review aims to gather evidence on the question, “To what extent have the Water, Sanitation and Hygiene sub-sectors incorporated the life-cycle approach into policy, programme and projects during the MDG period?”.
- Which segments of the population have been targeted in WASH projects during the MDG period? Does it vary between sectors and countries?
- How accurately have the target population and their barriers to access WASH facilities described in policies and the same has been incorporated in WASH programmes and projects? Does it vary between sectors and countries? Are they consistent across policies, programmes and projects?
- To what extent do the policies, programmes and projects detail the strategies that would be deployed towards achieving or promoting the principles of the life cycle approach? What are the strategies deployed to achieve the life cycle approach?"
The authors will include policy documents and programme /project documents that assess the adoption of the Life-Cycle Approach (LCA) in WASH programming as well as other WASH indicators that demonstrate improvement of access to WASH facilities for various population groups, such as quality and safety, physical accessibility, availability, and affordability of WASH. A total of eleven low and middle income countries in South Asia and sub-Saharan African have been proposed for this review. These countries have been identified from the list of WSSCC priority countries, most of which have received funding through the Global Sanitation Fund (GSF). The shortlisted countries are India, Nepal, Pakistan and Bangladesh from the Asian region and Tanzania, Kenya, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Nigeria, Malawi and Uganda from sub-Saharan Africa.
The main method of analysis adopted for this review will be qualitative comparative analysis which will be supplemented by a numerical summary or the use of descriptive statistics.