Replication Window Award Winners

3ie's Replication Programme has awarded twenty-three internal replication grants under its first four replication windows.

All four of 3ie's replication windows to date are closed to new applications. 

In addition to replication windows, 3ie also conducts in-house internal replication studies. The replications funded by 3ie are ‘internal replications’— those that use the data from the original study, and possibly existing secondary datasets from the same location, in order to check the validity and robustness of the estimations and recommendations. 

Information on the progress of all 3ie-funded replication studies can be found here

More information about the award winners under the replication windows and 3ie’s in-house replications can be found below. 

Replication Window 1

Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India

Replication Researchers: Stephen Gorard (with Patrick White)
Original Paper Title: Remedying Education: Evidence from Two Randomized Experiments in India 
Original Researchers: Abhijit Banerjee, Shawn Cole, Esther Duflo and Leigh Linden. 
Original publication: Quarterly Journal of Economics 
Replication Plan: Not Applicable 

Rural Roads and Local Market Development in Vietnam

Replication Researchers: Nguyen Viet Cuong
Original Paper Title: Rural Roads and Local Market Development in Vietnam
Original Researchers: Ren Mu and Dominique van de Walle
Original Publication: Journal of Development Studies
Replication Plan: Cuong’s Replication Plan

The Impact of Agricultural Extension and Roads on Poverty and Consumption Growth in Fifteen Ethiopian Villages

Replication Researcher: William H. Bowser
Original Paper Title: The Impact of Agricultural Extension and Roads on Poverty and Consumption Growth in Fifteen Ethiopian Villages
Original Researchers: Stefan Dercon, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Tassew Woldehanna
Original Publication: American Journal of Agricultural Economics
Replication Plan: Bowser’s Replication Plan

Worms: Identifying Impacts on Education and Health in the Presence of Treatment Externalities

Replication Researchers: Alexander Aiken (with Calum Davey)
Original Paper Title: Worms: Identifying Impacts on Education and Health in the Presence of Treatment Externalities
Original Researchers: Edward Miguel and Michael Kremer
Original Publication: Econometrica
Replication Plan: Aiken’s Replication Plan

Replication Window 2

Fighting Corruption to Improve Schooling: Evidence from a Newspaper Campaign in Uganda

Replication Researcher: Maria Kuecken (with Marie-Anne Valfort)
Original Paper Title: Fighting Corruption to Improve Schooling: evidence from a Newspaper Campaign in Uganda
Original Researchers: Ritva Reinikka and Jakob Svensson
Original Publication: Journal of the European Economic Association
Replication Plan: Kuecken’s Replication Plan

Housing, Health, and Happiness

Replication Researcher: Maria Pia Basurto Preciado (with Jose Luis Flor Toro, Ramiro Burga, and César Huaroto)
Original Paper Title: Housing, Health, and Happiness 
Original Researchers: Matias D. Cattaneo, Sebastian Galiani, Paul J. Gertler, Sebastian Martinez and Rocio Titiunik
Original Publication: American Economic Journal: Economic Policy
Replication Plan: Basurto's Replication Plan

India's Janani Suraksha Yojana, a Conditional Cash Transfer Programme to Increase Births in Health Facilities: An Impact Evaluation

Replication Researcher: Slawa Rokicki (with Natalie Carvalho)
Original Paper Title: India's Janani Suraksha Yojana, a Conditional Cash Transfer Programme to Increase Births in Health Facilities: an Impact Evaluation
Original Researchers: Stephen S. Lim, Lalit Dandona, Joseph A. Hoisington, Spencer L. James, Margaret C. Hogan and Emmanuela Gakidou
Original Publication: Lancet
Replication Plan: Rokicki’s Replication Plan

Power to the People: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment on Community-Based Monitoring in Uganda

Replication Researcher: Katherine Donato (with Adrian Garcia Mosqueira)
Original Paper Title: Power to the People: Evidence from a Randomized Field Experiment on Community-Based Monitoring in Uganda 
Original Researchers: Martina Bjorkman and Jakob Svensson
Original Publication: The Quarterly Journal of Economics
Replication Plan: Donato’s Replication Plan

Property Rights for the Poor: Effects of Land Titling

Replication Researcher: Paul Winters (with Edward Whitney)
Original Paper Title: Property Rights for the Poor: Effects of Land Titling
Original Researchers: Sebastian Galiani and Ernesto Schargrodsky
Original Publication: Journal of Public Economics
Replication Plan: Winters’ Replication Plan

Replication Window 3

The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: results of a randomised trial of an HIV prevention intervention for Zimbabwean youth

Replication Researchers: Fang Yu
Original Paper TitleThe Regai Dzive Shiri Project: results of a randomised trial of an HIV prevention intervention for Zimbabwean youth
Original Researchers: Frances M Cowan, Sophie JS Pascoe, Lisa F Langhaug, Webster Mavhu, Samson Chidiya, Shabbar Jaffar, Michael Mbizvo, Judith M Stephenson, Anne M Johnson, Robert M Power, Godfrey Woelk, and Richard J Hayes
Original publicationLancet
Replication PlanYu’s Replication Plan

HIV Development Assistance and Adult Mortality in Africa

Replication Researchers: Jiangtao Luo 
Original Paper TitleHIV Development Assistance and Adult Mortality in Africa
Original Researchers: Eran Bendavid, Charles Holmes, Jay Bhattacharya, Grant Miller
Original publicationJAMA 
Replication PlanLuo’s Replication Plan

Effect of a Cash Transfer Programme for Schooling on Prevalence of HIV and Herpes Simplex Type 2 in Malawi: A Cluster Randomized Trial

Replication Researchers: Lynette M. Smith 
Original Paper TitleEffect of a Cash Transfer Programme for Schooling on Prevalence of HIV and Herpes Simplex Type 2 in Malawi: A Cluster Randomized Trial  
Original Researchers: Sarah Baird, Richard S. Garfein, Craig McIntosh, and Berk Ozler
Original publicationLancet 
Replication PlanSmith’s Replication Plan

Task shifting of antiretroviral treatment from doctors to primary-care nurses in South Africa (STRETCH): a pragmatic, parallel, cluster-randomised trial

Replication Researchers: Baojiang Chen 
Original Paper TitleTask shifting of antiretroviral treatment from doctors to primary-care nurses in South Africa (STRETCH): a pragmatic, parallel, cluster-randomised trial  
Original Researchers: Lara Fairall, Max O. Bachmann, Carl Lombard, Venessa Timmerman, Kerry Uebel, Merrick Zwarenstein, Andrew Boulle, Daniella Georgeu, Christopher J. Colvin, Simon Lewin, Gill Faris, Ruth Cornick, Beverly Draper, Mvula Tshabalala, Eduan Kotze, Cloete van Vuuren, Dewald Steyn, Ronald Chapman, Eric Bateman 
Original publicationLancet 
Replication Plan: Chen’s Replication Plan

Do Kenyan Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information?

Replication Researcher: Fernando Martel Garcia
Original Paper Title: Do Teenagers Respond to HIV Risk Information? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Kenya 
Original Researcher: Pascaline Dupas 
Original Publication: American Economic Journal: Applied Economics 
Replication plan: Martel's Replication Plan 

Replication Window 4

Risk sharing and transactions costs: evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution

Replication Researchers: Nazila Alinaghi
Original Paper TitleRisk sharing and transactions costs: evidence from Kenya’s mobile money revolution
Original Researchers: William Jack and Tavneet Suri
Original publicationAmerican Economic Review
Replication Plan: Alinaghi’s Replication Plan
Current Status: Replication Plan Published

Building state capacity: evidence from biometric smartcards in India

Replication Researchers: Akinwande Atanda
Original Paper TitleBuilding state capacity: evidence from biometric smartcards in India
Original Researchers: Karthik Muralidharan, Paul Niehaus and Sandip Sukhantankar
Original publicationAmerican Economic Review
Replication Plan: Atanda’s Replication Plan
Current Status: Replication Plan Published

Payment mechanisms and anti-poverty programs: evidence from a mobile money cash transfer experiment in Niger

Replication Researchers: Edmundo Beteta, Giovanna Aguilar, Oliver Elorreaga, Jean Pierre Meneses, Edgar Ventura and César Huaroto
Original Paper TitlePayment mechanisms and anti-poverty programs: evidence from a mobile money cash transfer experiment in Niger
Original Researchers: Jenny Aker, Rachid Boumnijel, Amanda McClelland and Niall Tierney
Original publicationEconomic Development and Cultural Change
Replication Plan: Beteta et al’s Replication Plan
Current Status: Replication Study Published

Cash, food, or vouchers?: evidence from a randomized experiment in northern Ecuador

Replication Researchers: Stefan Lhachimi
Original Paper TitleCash, food, or vouchers?: evidence from a randomized experiment in northern Ecuador
Original Researchers: Melissa Hidrobo, John Hoddinott, Amber Peterman, Amy Margolies and Vanessa Moreira
Original publicationJournal of Development Economics
Replication Plan: Not applicable
Current Status: Replication Study Awarded

Cash or condition?: evidence from a cash transfer experiment

Replication Researchers: Maira Reimao
Original Paper TitleCash or condition?: evidence from a cash transfer experiment
Original Researchers: Sarah Baird, Craig McIntosh and Berk Ozler
Original publicationThe Quarterly Journal of Economics
Replication Plan: Not applicable
Current Status: Replication Study Awarded

Facilitating savings for agriculture: field experimental evidence from Malawi

Replication Researchers: Jesper Stage
Original Paper TitleFacilitating savings for agriculture: field experimental evidence from Malawi
Original Researchers: Lasse Brune, Xavier Gine, Jessica Goldberg and Dean Yang
Original publicationEconomic Development and Cultural Change
Replication PlanStage’s Replication Plan
Current Status: Replication plan published

The short-term impact of unconditional cash transfers to the poor: evidence from Kenya

Replication Researchers: Hongmei Wang
Original Paper TitleThe short-term impact of unconditional cash transfers to the poor: evidence from Kenya
Original Researchers: Johannes Haushofer and Jeremy Shapiro
Original publicationThe Quarterly Journal of Economics
Replication PlanWang’s Replication Plan
Current Status: Replication plan published

In-house replications

Effect of Early Versus Deferred Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV on Survival

Original Paper Title: Effect of Early versus Deferred Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV on Survival
Original Researchers: Mari M. Kitahata, Stephen J. Gange, Alison G. Abraham, Barry Merriman, Michael S. Saag, Amy C. Justice, Robert S. Hogg, Steven G. Deeks, Joseph J. Eron, John T. Brooks, Sean B. Rourke, M. John Gill, Ronald J. Bosch, Jeffrey N. Martin, Marina B. Klein, Lisa P. Jacobson, Benigno Rodriguez, Timothy R. Sterling, Gregory D. Kirk, Sonia Napravnik, Anita R. Rachlis, Liviana M. Calzavara, Michael A. Horberg, Michael J. Silverberg, Kelly A. Gebo, James J. Goedert, Constance A. Benson, Ann C. Collier, Stephen E. Van Rompaey, Heidi M. Crane, Rosemary G. McKaig, Bryan Lau, Aimee M. Freeman and Richard D. Moore
Original Publication: New England Journal of Medicine
Replication Plan: Not Applicable

Finding Missing Markets (and a Disturbing Epilogue): Evidence from an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention in Kenya

Replication Researcher: Benjamin  DK Wood
Original Paper Title: Finding Missing Markets (and a Disturbing Epilogue): Evidence from an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention in Kenya
Original Researchers: Nava Asharf, Xavier Giné and Dean Karlan
Original Publication: American Journal of Agricultural Economics
Replication Plan: Wood’s Replication Plan

Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Young men in Kisumu, Kenya: arandomised controlled trial

Replication Researcher: Eric Djimeu (with Jeffrey Korte)
Original Paper Title: Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Young Men in Kisumu, Kenya: a Randomised Controlled Trial
Original Researchers:  Robert C. Bailey, Stephen Moses, Corette B. Parker, Kawango Agot, Ian Maclean, John N. Krieger, Carolyn F.M. Williams, Richard T. Campbell and Jeckoniah O. Ndinya-Achola
Original Publication: Lancet 
Replication Plan: Djimeu’s Replication Plan

Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Men in Rakai, Uganda: a Randomised Trial

Replication Researcher: Eric Djimeu
Original Paper Title: Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in Men in Rakai,Uganda: a Randomised Trial
Original Researchers: Ronald H. Gray, Godfrey Kigozi, David Serwadda, Frederick Makumbi, Stephen Watya, Fred Nalugoda, Noah Kiwanuka, Lawrence H. Moulton, Mohammad A. Chaudhary, Michael Z. Chen, Nelson K. Sewankambo, Fred Wabwire-Mangen, Melanie C. Bacon, Carolyn F.M. Williams, Pius Opendi, Steven J. Reynolds, Oliver Laeyendecker, Thomas C. Quinn and Maria J. Wawer
Original Publication: Lancet 
Replication Plan: Not Applicable 

Prevention of HIV-1 Infection with Early Antiretroviral Therapy

Replication Researcher: Eric Djimeu
Original Reseaerchers: Myron S. Cohen, Ying Q. Chen, Marybeth McCauley, Theresa Gamble, Mina C. Hosseinipour, Nagalingeswaran Kumarasamy, James G. Hakim, Johnstone Kumwenda, Beatriz Grinsztejn, Jose H.S. Pilotto, Sheela V. Godbole, Sanjay Mehendale, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Breno R. Santos, Kenneth H. Mayer, Irving F. Hoffman, Susan H. Eshleman, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Lei Wang, Joseph Makhema, Lisa A. Mills, Guy de Bruyn, Ian Sanne, Joseph Eron, Joel Gallant, Diane Havlir, Susan Swindells, Heather Ribaudo, Vanessa Elharrar, David Burns, Taha E. Taha, Karin Nielsen-Saines, David Celentano, Max Essex and Thomas R. Fleming.
Original Publication: New England Journal of MedicineReplication Plan: Not Applicable

Preexposure Chemoprophylaxis for HIV Prevention in Men Who Have Sex with Men 

Original Paper Title: Preexposure Chemoprophylaxis for HIV Prevention in Men Who Have Sex with Men 
Original Researchers: Robert M. Grant, Javier R. Lama, Peter L. Anderson, Vanessa McMahan, Albert Y. Liu, Lorena Vargas, Pedro Goicochea, Martín Casapía, Juan Vicente Guanira-Carranza, Maria E. Ramirez-Cardich, Orlando Montoya-Herrera, Telmo Fernández, Valdilea G. Veloso, Susan P. Buchbinder, Suwat Chariyalertsak, Mauro Schechter, Linda-Gail Bekker, Kenneth H. Mayer, Esper Georges Kallás, K. Rivet Amico, Kathleen Mulligan, Lane R. Bushman, Robert J. Hance, Carmela Ganoza, Patricia Defechereux, Brian Postle, Furong Wang, J. Jeff McConnell, Jia-Hua Zheng, Jeanny Lee, James F. Rooney, Howard S. Jaffe, Ana I. Martinez, David N. Burns and David V. Glidden 
Original Publication: New England Journal of Medicine 
Replication Plan: Not Applicable 

Triple Antiretroviral Compared with Zidovudine and Single-Dose Nevirapine Prophylaxis During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding for Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV-1 (Kesho Bora study): a Randomized Controlled Tria

Original Paper Title: Triple Antiretroviral Compared with Zidovudine and Single-Dose Nevirapine Prophylaxis During Pregnancy and Breastfeeding for Prevention of Mother-To-Child Transmission of HIV-1 (Kesho Bora study): a Randomized Controlled Trial 
Original Researchers: The Kesho Bora Study Group O
Original Publication: The Lancet Infectious Diseases 
Replication Plan: Not Applicable 

Please check the replication current status page over the next year to see how our replication researchers are progressing on their studies.

Photo © Fatoumata Diabate/Oxfam

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