Optimising the use of economic interventions to increase demand for voluntary medical male circumcision in Kenya
3ie Impact Evaluation Report 47
This study evaluates whether providing compensation for opportunity costs of time and clinic transport costs or lottery-based rewards can increase VMMC uptake among men in Nyanza Province, Kenya. Results show that participants randomised to receive compensation had the highest VMMC uptake followed by those receiving lottery-based rewards and those in the control group. The results are consistent with studies showing that small incentives can modify health behaviours. Testing economic interventions in other settings and applying them to other HIV behaviours can be useful for assessing the generalisability of the findings.