3ie Systematic Review 10

The impact of export processing zones on employment, wages and labour conditions in developing countries

3ie Systematic Review 10, 2014

This systematic review by Ciera and Lakshman analyses the evidence in relation to the impact of export processing zones on employment, wages and labour conditions in developing countries – specifically on freedom of association, health and safety, and working hours. The overall results are mixed. There is no convincing evidence on labour outcomes, specifically, if the employment created in the zones was additional, though some studies suggest a significant proportion is likely to be additional. The evidence regarding health and safety is also mixed, with some studies documenting a higher prevalence of health problems within the zones and others suggesting more problems outside them.

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