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August 2014   Making Evidence Work
 
Making Impact Evaluation Matter conference
 

Registration is now closed

The Making Impact Evaluation Matter conference organised by the Asian Development Bank, 3ie and the Philippine Institute of Development Studies is shaping up to be Asia's biggest impact evaluation event. You can view the draft programme here. Registrations for the conference closed 21 August. Read more

In the run up to the conference, we have launched the ADB-3ie video lecture series on impact evaluation. This series is a primer on impact evaluation for those wanting to learn the basics. In these videos, 3ie experts explain key technical concepts using plain language and graphics. The first six video lectures cover the core concepts in impact evaluations and systematic reviews. Lectures 7-15 (coming soon) will explore how impact evaluation methods can be applied to development programmes in health, infrastructure, humanitarian relief assistance, governance, climate change, agriculture, education, social protection and microfinance.

 

New 3ie executive director

 

The 3ie Board of Commissioners has appointed Emmanuel Jimenez to succeed Howard White as the executive director of 3ie. Jimenez is currently the director of public sector evaluations at the World Bank Group. He expects to take up the position in February or March 2015. Read more

 
Current funding opportunities
 

Policy Window 3, West African Development Bank's Regional Food Security Programme: request for qualifications
We invite qualifications to be considered for proposal preparation grants for the impact evaluation of West African Development Bank's (BOAD) regional food security programme. Deadline for applications: 23:59 GMT, 16 September. Read more

Thematic Window 7, Integration of HIV Services: request for proposals
We request proposals from organisations to implement pilot interventions that integrate HIV services with other health services in Sub-Saharan Africa and conduct rapid impact evaluations of those programmes.
Deadline for applications: 23:59 GMT, 15 September. Read more

Thematic Window 2, HIV Self-Testing, Zambia
We invite proposals from organisations to conduct formative research related to the design, implementation and evaluation of interventions using HIV self-tests in Zambia. This formative research will be disseminated as background information for phase 2 of this window, which will provide grants for pilot programmes using HIV oral self-tests to be implemented and evaluated using rapid impact evaluations. Deadline for applications: 23:59 GMT, 21 September. Read more

Replication Window 3, HIV Prevention
We invite expressions of interest from researchers to conduct internal replications of influential, innovative, or controversial impact evaluations of biomedical, behavioural, social and structural HIV prevention interventions. By internal replication, we mean the reconciliation and re-analysis of the findings of an original study using the study's own raw data and perhaps also using data from different sources for the same population. Deadline for applications: 23:59 GMT, 31 May 2015. Read more

 
Funding opportunities coming soon
 

Proposal preparation grants to evaluate initiatives for improving health and nutrition in Bihar, India
We will soon issue a request for qualifications for proposal preparation grants for impact evaluations of two initiatives under the Sector Wide Approaches to Strengthen Health (SWASTH) programme in Bihar, India. The SWASTH programme is being implemented by the Government of Bihar with support from the UK's Department for International Development. These initiatives focus on improving health and nutritional status of children and adults in the state. To register your interest, please email pw3@3ieimpact.org with Bihar health in the subject line.

Philippines Policy Window proposal preparation grants to evaluate government programmes
3ie will be issuing requests for qualifications for proposal preparation grants for the impact evaluation of two programmes undertaken by the Government of the Philippines – one related to infrastructure implemented by Public-Private Partnership Center (PPP) and the other, an initiative on peace and development, a part of the Payapa at Masaganang Pamayanan Program (PAMANA), implemented by the Office of the Presidential Advisor on the Peace Process. To register your interest, please email pwp@3ieimpact.org with PPP or PAMANA in the subject line.

 
Grant and bursary awards
 
Policy Window 2 award to evaluate the Micro Agricultural Financial Institutions of South Africa scheme
We have awarded a proposal preparation grant to a research team from the University of Cape Town for an impact evaluation of the Micro Agricultural Financial Institutions of South Africa (MAFISA) scheme implemented by the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries in the Republic of South Africa.

Policy Window 3 award to evaluate the effects of a youth entrepreneurship reality TV show in Egypt
we have awarded an impact evaluation grant to a research team from The Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab and the Paris School of Economics for an evaluation of the effects of entrepreneurship edutainment that teaches young Egyptians entrepreneurial skills and good business practices.

Jordan and Lebanon Humanitarian Assistance Thematic Window
We have awarded a proposal preparation grant to a research team from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health to design an impact evaluation of the Cash versus electronic vouchers pilot programme for Syrian refugees in Jordan and Lebanon. The programme has been implemented by the World Food Programme.

Democratic Republic of Congo Humanitarian Assistance Thematic Window
We have awarded a proposal preparation grant to a research team from the Catholic University of Bukavu to design an impact evaluation of humanitarian assistance interventions in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Systematic Review award
We have awarded a systematic review grant to a research team from the School of Oriental and African Studies and University of London to study the effective contractual arrangements that help increase small farm holders' market power, food security, marketed surplus and net returns.

Bursaries for Cochrane Colloquium
We have awarded six bursaries to participants from India, Kenya, Malaysia, Mexico, Mozambique and South Africa attending the 22nd Cochrane Colloquium in Hyderabad, India. All bursary recipients are currently working on Cochrane protocols on a range of health topics, and two have confirmed presentations.
 
Successful policy engagement
 

Addressing child nutrition in Ethiopia
The Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP) in Ethiopia is one of the largest social protection programmes in Sub-Saharan Africa providing participating communities public works employment and unconditional transfers. Data from three rounds of survey data collected since 2006 show no evidence of impact of the programme on pre-school nutritional status. The Government of Ethiopia is currently developing a national nutrition strategy and the PNSP is being redesigned. The study team has been requested to review the proposed changes to ensure the programme contributes to better nutritional outcomes. Read more about the study

 
New publication from 3ie-supported studies
 

Dynamics of demand for index insurance: evidence from a long-run field experiment, Shawn Cole, Stein Daniel and Tobacman Jeremy, American Economic Review, 104(5), 284-90, 2014

Payment for ecosystem services from forests, Jennifer Alix-Garcia and Hendrik Wolff, Annual Review of Resource Economics 6:4.1–4.20, 2014

Africa impact evaluation update: evidence to inform development operations, David Evans, Agriculture and land, World Bank Group, 2014

The political economy of MGNREGS spending in Andhra Pradesh, Megan Sheahan, Yanyan Liu, Christopher B. Barrett and Sudha Narayanan, IGIDR Working Paper-WP-2014-030, 2014

 
New 3ie-funded impact evaluation reports published
 

A youth wage subsidy experiment for South Africa
This study looks at whether giving wage subsidy vouchers to young people can result in higher employment. As part of this experiment, young people were hired by firms through a voucher scheme, a temporary measure that reduced the cost of the hiring firm. Interestingly, a year later, most of those who entered wage employment as a result of the voucher were able to remain in employment. This impact persisted even after the vouchers lapsed. The findings highlight the positive effects of policies that get young people into jobs earlier. Read more

Scaling up male circumcision service provision: results from a randomised evaluation in Malawi
This randomised evaluation analyses the impact of price and information on voluntary medical male circumcision in Malawi. Findings show that the overall up take was low. Price and information were still barriers. However, the main barriers to male circumcision – cultural norms and fear of pain – were not affected by price or information. Qualitative research on male decision-making on circumcision showed that social networks play an important role. Significant demand-generation efforts are needed for this HIV prevention strategy to be effective. Read more

Assessing long-term impacts of conditional cash transfers on children and young adults in rural Nicaragua
This study analyses the impacts of Red de Protección Social (Social protection network or RPS), a conditional cash transfer (CCT) programme targeting rural households in impoverished regions in Nicaragua from 2000 to 2005. The findings show that CCTs can lead to gains in human capital accumulation that last beyond the life of the programme, suggesting they have potential to lead to long-term poverty reduction. Read more

The impact of mother literacy and participation programmes on child learning: evidence from a randomised evaluation in India
While low- and middle-income countries have made significant progress towards enrolment of children in schools, it has not led to an equivalent increase in their learning. This study evaluates whether child learning can be improved through interventions that focus on increasing a mother's literacy and enhancing home learning. The findings show that a combined intervention of both a mother's literacy as well as training for enhancing home learning had significant effects on language scores. Read more

An impact evaluation of information disclosure on elected representatives' performance: evidence from rural and urban India
Voter awareness campaigns can empower citizens to demand more effective political leadership and better public services. The study evaluated the impact of pre-election voter awareness campaigns in gram panchayat elections in Rajasthan and municipal elections in Delhi. Findings from the study suggest that information can play a major role in determining election outcomes and improving public service delivery. Read more

Providing collateral and improving product market access for smallholder farmers: a randomised evaluation of inventory credit in Sierra Leone
Inventory credit can be an important instrument in helping farmers benefit from large inter-seasonal volatility of agricultural prices. This study presents results from the evaluation of a storage support and inventory credit scheme provided to palm oil farmers in Sierra Leone. The take-up rate was 29.9 per cent for storage support and 24.9 per cent for inventory credit. The programme did not have a significant impact on overall storage behaviour or on the patterns of oil sales across seasons. Read more

A randomised evaluation of the effects of an agricultural insurance programme on rural households' behaviour: evidence from China
The provision of weather insurance is a potential way of shielding farmers from weather-related shocks and reducing poverty. However, the use of weather insurance is not widespread in many countries, including China. This evaluation looked at the impact of financial education, social learning and contract design on the take-up of a new weather insurance product in China. The study found that financial education about insurance increases take-up from 35 per cent to 50 per cent and that offering a menu of insurance contracts rather than a single contract increased take-up dramatically. Read more

 
Other recommended reading
 

A review of the evidence of harm from self-tests, a paper by 3ie researchers, Annette N Brown, Eric W Djimeu and Drew B Cameron was published in Aids and Behavior, July 2014, vol 18, issue 4. The paper reviews the literature on a set of self-tests that share some characteristics with HIV self-tests to determine whether there is any evidence of harm. Download paper (open access)

Quality evidence for policymaking: I'll believe it when I see the replication, a paper by 3ie researchers Annette N Brown, Drew B Cameron and Benjamin DK Wood was published in the Journal of Development Effectiveness. This paper makes the case for replication as a crucial methodology for validating research used for evidence-based policymaking in low- and middle-income countries. Download paper (open access)

 
Useful resources
 
Formative research studies on HIV oral self-testing in Kenya
Findings from formative research on HIV oral self-testing in Kenya commissioned by 3ie and Kenya's National AIDS and STI Control Programme show that there is nearly universal interest in self-testing with some concern about access to counselling and linkage to care. The research suggests that linkage to care may be a challenge. Communication around sensitisation and awareness was desired both before and during the roll-out of HIV oral-self-tests. The formative research also shows that many people would like to get HIV oral self-tests from public health facilities but others also expect to find them in pharmacies, private health facilities, shops, and through the local government administration. Improved instructions in the packaging of HIV oral self-tests may help, but in person demonstration of usage may be necessary to increase use. Read more
 
Short course on evaluation
 
Evaluation of development programmes
The London International Development Centre has launched a short course on evaluation for development programmes. This course will be taught by impact evaluation experts from 3ie, the Institute of Education, the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, and the School of Oriental and African Studies. The course will be held in London on 10-14 November 2014. Read more
 
New blog posts
 

Check out our latest blogs: Ten things that can go wrong with randomised controlled trials,     How fruity should you be?,     Unexpected and disappearing outcomes: Why relying on proxy outcomes is often not enough     Visit the blog site to view our other posts

 
3ie in the news
 
Deo-Gracias Houndolo, 3ie evaluation specialist, was interviewed by the Journal Nouvelle (3 July 2014), a Benin national newspaper.
 
Upcoming events
 
3ie Delhi Seminar, 27 August, How does global warming affect agricultural productivity? Evidence from wheat-growing districts in India, Speaker: Ridhima Gupta, Indian Statistical Institute, New Delhi. This event will not be live streamed but we will post a recording here within a week.

Howard White Lectures, Inaugural Address, 14 October, Fieldwork is easy with eyes closed, misunderstanding all you see. The importance of going deep on context, Speaker: Howard White, executive director, 3ie. This event will be co-hosted with the London International Development Centre.
 
3ie jobs
 

Senior Evaluation Specialist, Washington, DC: The senior specialist will provide technical and management support across 3ie's impact evaluation services. S/he will also lead and develop programmes on peacebuilding, democracy and governance.

Evaluation Specialist, Humanitarian Assistance, New Delhi: The specialist will provide high-level technical expertise and management support for studies funded under its Humanitarian Assistance Thematic Window and other 3ie grant programmes.

Intern, HIV Programme, Washington, DC: The intern will be responsible for conducting background research and literature reviews and writing impact evaluation summaries for the 3ie evidence database.

 
Other announcements
 

Job opportunity: Assistant/Associate/Full Professor, Quantitative Psychology, School of Social Sciences, University of California, Merced, Deadline: 17 October

Global Development Network, next horizon essay contest 2014 on the future of development assistance. Deadline: 15 September

Systematic review training, 13-14 November, Queen's University, Belfast. To apply, please email callen@evidenceaid.org

PEGNET conference on employment strategies in the developing world - How to create sufficient, productive and decent jobs, 18-19 September, Lusaka, Zambia

International energy policies and programmes evaluation conference, 9-11 September, Berlin, Germany

Cochrane Colloquium, 21-26 September, Hyderabad, India

Call for applications: US Borlaugh graduate research grant. Deadline: 10 November

Call for papers: workshop on political institutions and inclusive development, 10-14 November, Berlin, Germany. Deadline: 31 August

Call for proposals: Comparative political studies special issue on research transparency in the social sciences. Deadline: 15 September

Call for papers: symposium on economic experiments in developing countries, 10-11 December, Norway. Deadline: 15 September

Call for papers: conference on the economic development in Africa, 22-24 March 2015, St Catherine's College, Oxford. Deadline: 31 October

 
Stay connected to 3ie
 
The International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie) funds impact evaluations and systematic reviews that generate high quality evidence on what works in development and why. Evidence on development effectiveness can help improve policy and improve the lives of the poor.
 
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