Agriculture

To help address gaps in the understanding of what works and what does not, we fund a variety of studies across this programme area, including interventions focused on insurance, extension, land-use and forestry, and innovation and technology.

Georgina Smith,CIAT

Related content

SR B4

Zero child hunger: breaking the cycle of malnutrition

Systematic review 3ie 2012
Is there enough evidence to show that increased household income and a better diet can improve children’s nutritional status?

Farmer field schools: from agricultural extension to adult education

Farmer field schools: from agricultural extension to adult education

Systematic review summary 3ie 2014
Since the late 1980s, support to agriculture has moved from top-down agricultural extension towards more participatory approaches which better suit smallholder farmers. One such approach is the farmer field school (FFS), an adult education intervention which uses intensive discovery-based learning to promote skills. Although FFS has been used to train 12 million farmers in over 90 countries across Asia, Africa and Latin America, the effectiveness of this approach has long been a subject of debate.

The long and short of returns to public investments in fifteen Ethiopian villages

The long and short of returns to public investments in fifteen Ethiopian villages

Replication paper 3ie 2015

This is a replication study by William H. Bowser of an impact evaluation by Stefan Dercon, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Tassew Woldehanna.

SR19

The effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ wealth and food security

Systematic review 3ie 2015
This systematic review by Stewart and colleagues analyses the impact of several farming interventions on household income and food security among rural households. Included studies assess the effects of innovation and new technology interventions.

Testing innovative models of extension in Cambodia's Project for Agricultural Development and Economic Empowerment (PADEE) programme

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Alan de Brauw, Eduardo Nakasone, Maximo Torero, Vuthy Theng
Sector: Agricultural Extension, Agricultural Reform, Agricultural Research, Agriculture and Rural Development, Agro-Industry & Marketing

Evaluation of the impacts of a soil fertility training project on farm productivity in the Volta region of Ghana

Impact evaluation 3ie 2019

Publication type: 3ie final grantee report
Author: Kwaw Andam, Simrin Makhija, David Spielman
Sector: Agricultural Extension, Agricultural Research, Agriculture and Rural Development, Agro-Industry & Marketing, Agricultural Reform

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 4

Does marginal cost pricing of electricity affect the groundwater pumping behaviour of farmers? Evidence from India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2014

This evaluation by JV Meenakshi, Abhijit Banerji, Aditi Mukherji and Anubhab Gupta studies the impact of metering electric tube wells in the state of West Bengal in India.

IEb12

Fair and Square: Better market share, more benefits through Fairtrade

Impact evaluation 3ie 2010
Fairtrade can have positive impacts on producers in developing countries, increasing income and employment opportunities, reducing vulnerability to price fluctuations and giving producers a better access to larger foreign markets and attract higher value.

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 14

Providing collateral and improving product market access for smallholder farmers: a randomised evaluation of inventory credit in Sierra Leone

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

Inventory credit can be an important instrument in helping farmers benefit from large inter-seasonal volatility of agricultural prices.

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 19

A randomised evaluation of the effects of an agricultural insurance programme on rural households’ behaviour: evidence from China

Impact evaluation 3ie 2014

The provision of weather insurance is a potential way of shielding farmers from weather related shocks and reducing poverty.

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 23

Enhancing food production and food security through improved inputs

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

In Tanzania, agriculture accounts for 27 per cent of GDP, 80 per cent of employment and 75 per cent of household income. It is a key component of the country strategy for poverty reduction.

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 25

Assessing the impact of farmer field schools on fertiliser use in China

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

In China, a major agricultural challenge is the inefficient use of fertilizer and the environmental effects associated with overuse.

SR41

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and middle-income countries A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Hemming and colleagues examined the effectiveness of agricultural input subsidies.

Systematic review 38

The effectiveness of contract farming in improving smallholder income and food security in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This systematic review by Ton and colleagues examines the effectiveness of contract farming, a common means of sourcing farm produce from smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries. Th

Effects of certification schemes for agricultural production on socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

Effects of certification schemes for agricultural production on socio-economic outcomes in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

Certification schemes set and monitor voluntary standards to make agricultural production socially sustainable and agricultural trade fairer for producers and workers.

SR19

The effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ wealth and food security

Systematic review 3ie 2015
This systematic review by Stewart and colleagues analyses the impact of several farming interventions on household income and food security among rural households. Included studies assess the effects of innovation and new technology interventions.

Systematic review 14

The impact of land property rights interventions on investment and agricultural productivity in developing countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2016

This systematic review by Lawry and colleagues examines the impacts of interventions to strengthen land property rights on agricultural and livelihood outcomes in rural areas.

Does agricultural certification improve well-being?

Does agricultural certification improve well-being?

Systematic review 3ie 2017
This brief is based on a systematic review that assesses the impact of agriculture certification schemes for improving socially sustainable and fairer production for smallholder farmers and workers.

egm12.jpg

Agricultural innovation: an evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This map, funded by the UK Department for International Development and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, presents existing evidence on agricultural inputs, practices and programmes aimed at improving farmers’ productivity and well-being. It further highlights prominent evidence gaps on cost-effectiveness, measurements of spillover effects and the use of experimental evaluation methods.

View report

ag-risk_0.jpg

Agricultural risk and mitigation gap map

Evidence gap map

This map, funded by the UK Department for International Development, presents existing evidence on agricultural insurance interventions that aim to improve smallholder farmer resilience in L&MICs.

View brief | View report

3ie Replication paper 18

Savings revisited: a replication study of a savings intervention in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2018

Jesper Stage and Tharshini Thangavelu replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Lasse Brune and colleagues in 2016 in Malawi.

Recalling extra data: a replication study of Finding missing markets

Recalling extra data: a replication study of Finding missing markets

Replication paper 3ie 2015
Benjamin DK Wood and Michell Dong conduct an internal replication of Finding Missing Markets (and a Disturbing Epilogue): Evidence From an Export Crop Adoption and Marketing Intervention In Kenya (2009).

The long and short of returns to public investments in fifteen Ethiopian villages

The long and short of returns to public investments in fifteen Ethiopian villages

Replication paper 3ie 2015

This is a replication study by William H. Bowser of an impact evaluation by Stefan Dercon, Daniel O. Gilligan, John Hoddinott and Tassew Woldehanna.