Inclusive, sustainable, transparent and accountable government institutions are at the core of sustainable development. Focusing on low- and middle-income countries, 3ie is supporting the generation of evidence in areas such as transparency and accountability in natural resource governance. We are also supporting the generation and use of evidence on interventions to curb corruption, judicial and civil service reform, land reform, public sector management, conflict prevention and peacebuilding, decentralised governance and public service delivery.

UN Women Asia & Pacific

Under our Transparency and Accountability Evidence Programme, we are supporting rigorous impact evaluations of initiatives aimed at improving governance and accountability of natural resources in the extractives sector in Ghana, Ecuador, Mozambique, India, Peru, Tanzania and Uganda.

As part of our Development Priorities Evidence Programme, 3ie is supporting impact evaluations in Bangladesh on the effectiveness of judicial reform, in Colombia on programmes to reduce crime and violence, and in Pakistan to improve public service delivery. 

We are working closely with the South Africa Department of Rural Development and Land Reform in supporting an impact evaluation of aspects of the land restitution programme.

Related content


Public works: An effective safety net for the poor?

Impact evaluation 3ie 2009
Most assessments have found that public works programmes have significant impact in terms of temporary employment creation and increases in participants’ current incomes. However, evidence of impact on enhanced employability, sustainable income gains, and the benefits to poor people from the physical assets created is limited.

Behavioural responses to information on contaminated drinking water: randomized evidence from the Ecuadorian Amazon

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Publication type: 3ie final grantee report
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Sector: Natural Resource Management

On the mechanics of the political resource curse: information and local elite behavior in Mozambique

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Pedro Vicente, Alex Arm, Antonio Cruz
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Harnessing transparency initiatives to improve India's environmental clearance process for the mineral mining sector

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Publication type: 3ie final grantee report
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Sector: Environment and Disaster Management, Natural Resource Management

An impact assessment of stakeholder engagement interventions in Ugandan oil extractives

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
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Mapping the evidence on state-society relations

Evidence gap map 3ie 2017
This brief presents the findings of an evidence gap map that identifies the evidence on the effects of interventions that seek to improve state-society relations. An increasing number of systematic reviews and impact evaluations addressing this topic have been published in recent years. However, clear gaps remain.


Can the wounds of war be healed? Experimental evidence on reconciliation in Sierra Leone

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

This report evaluates the impact of a reconciliation programme implemented in post-conflict Sierra Leone.


How should Tanzania use its natural gas? Citizens’ views from a nationwide Deliberative Poll

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

In 2010, Tanzania discovered natural gas reserves off its southern coast worth roughly 15 times its annual gross domestic product.

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 34

A triple win? The impact of Tanzania’s Joint Forest Management programme on livelihoods, governance and forests

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This study by Persha and Meshack assesses the impact of Tanzania’s Joint Forest Management (JFM) programme on three sets of outcomes -- restoring forests, improving livelihoods and


How to turn the tide on corruption?

Impact evaluation 3ie 2011
Political corruption is the abuse of public office for illegitimate private gain, and takes many forms. Election fraud, bribery and embezzlement of funds, kickbacks in procurement, nepotism and cronyism and sale of government property for private gain all fit under this umbrella.

An impact evaluation of information disclosure on elected representatives’ performance: evidence from rural and urban India

An impact evaluation of information disclosure on elected representatives’ performance: evidence from rural and urban India

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

Voter awareness campaigns can empower citizens to demand more effective political leadership and better public services.

3ie Impact Evaluation Report 7

Social and economic impacts of Tuungane: final report on the effects of a community-driven reconstruction programme in the Democratic Republic of Congo

Impact evaluation 3ie 2014

In recent years, community-driven reconstruction (CDR) programmes have aimed to promote local development in post-conflict settings.

Systematic Review 002

Interventions to promote social cohesion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Systematic review 3ie 2010

The relationship between social cohesion and a range of social, economic and political developments outcomes have received increased attention in recent decades.

There are no evidence gap maps
There are no replication studies