3ie supports seven impact evaluations under this programme that provide rigorous evidence to improve the quality of life of people living in fragile and conflict-affected contexts. These impact evaluations examine important questions related to nutrition; food security; resilience; water, sanitation and hygiene; and multi-sectoral humanitarian programming. We expect these studies to answer priority questions on effective and efficient ways to deliver humanitarian programming to improve recovery and build resilience of vulnerable and crises-affected populations.

Sylvain Liechti , UN Photo

As part of this programme, 3ie supports high-quality impact evaluations and systematic reviews to improve evidence on community-driven reconstruction; peace-building programmes; cash-based humanitarian interventions; and water, sanitation and hygiene initiatives, among several others. Funding for this programme is provided by UNOCHA-Common Humanitarian Pooled Fund in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Danida and the World Food Programme.

Why more evidence is needed

UNOCHA predicts that in 2018 over 135 million people globally will need humanitarian assistance and protection. Despite the large number of people in need of assistance, little evidence exists on the effectiveness of aid interventions in challenging humanitarian environments. Two evidence gap maps and a 3ie scoping study highlight the lack of high-quality studies that show the causal relationship between assistance and changes in targeted results.

3ie’s evidence programme

In 2014, 3ie, with the support of UK aid and USAID, launched the humanitarian assistance grant-making programme to increase the stock of high-quality, policy-relevant evidence in the humanitarian sector.

To develop and ensure the relevancy of this programme, 3ie, in collaboration with these donors, hosted a consultative event in 2015 to discuss the scope of the programme and the evidence gaps that exist. At the event, we presented findings from a scoping paper and a methodology working paper that identified innovative methods of measuring impact in humanitarian conditions.

Related content

The impact of food assistance on food insecure populations during conflict in Mali

Impact evaluation 3ie 2019

Publication type: 3ie final grantee report
Author: Aulo Gelli , Jean-Pierre Tranchant, Lilia Bliznashka, Amadou Sekou Diallo, Moussa Sacko, Emily Siegel, Elisabetta Aurino, Edoardo Masset
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Child Nutrition

Improving the quality of care for children with acute malnutrition: cluster randomised controlled trial in West Nile region, Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Marzia Lazzerini (lead PI)
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition

The effects of non-food item vouchers in a humanitarian context: the case of the Rapid Response to Movements of Population program in Congo

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: John Quattrochi, Ghislain Bisimwa, Peter Van der Windt, Maarten Voors
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population

Humanitarian aid and natural disasters: An impact evaluation in Pakistan

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: Ongoing 3ie Funded Studies
Author: Alexandra Avdeenko, Markus Fr'lich, Juanita Vasquez-Escallon
Sector: Disaster Relief, Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Rural Livelihoods, Water and Sanitation

What methods may be used in impact evaluations of humanitarian assistance?

What methods may be used in impact evaluations of humanitarian assistance?

Working paper 3ie 2014

Since 2005, more than US$90 billion has been spent on humanitarian assistance. Humanitarian crises are complex situations where demand for aid very often exceeds supply.

Evidence for peacebuilding: an evidence gap map

Evidence for peacebuilding: an evidence gap map

Evidence gap map 3ie 2015

Around 70 per cent of fragile states have seen conflict since 1989 and 30 per cent of official development assistance is spent in fragile and conflict-affected situations.


Impact evaluation of WFP’s programs targeting moderate acute malnutrition in humanitarian situations in Chad

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
Authors of this evaluation looked at the differences in impact of a prevention programme on moderate acute malnutrition on children between 6-23 months during the pastoral and agricultural lean season.


Impact evaluation of the World Food Programme’s moderate acute malnutrition treatment and prevention programmes in Sudan

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
Report authors evaluated the effectiveness of a food-based treatment programme and additional supplementary feeding interventions on moderate acute malnutrition incidence and prevalence in children, pregnant and lactating women in Sudan.


Impacts of the World Food Programme’s interventions to treat malnutrition in Niger

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Authors of this evaluation assessed the impact of a grouping of nutrition interventions, including an agriculturally sensitive food for assets programme, on moderate acute malnutrition in Niger.

Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies

Cash-based approaches in humanitarian emergencies

Systematic review 3ie 2016

This review by Doocy and Tappis assessed and synthesised existing evidence on the effects of cash-based approaches on individual and household outcomes in humanitarian emergencies.


Evidence for peacebuilding evidence gap map

Evidence gap map

This map presents existing evidence on the outcomes of peacebuilding interventions in conflict-affected settings in L&MICs. Interventions were mapped in five thematic areas, including legitimate politics, security, justice, economic foundations, and revenues and social services.

View report

There are no replication studies