Making evidence accessible


As part of our mandate as a knowledge producer and translator for our main audiences, we maintain a range of free online publication series: briefs, impact evaluation reports, systematic review technical and summary reports, replication papers, evidence gap map reports, scoping, and working papers.

Latest publications

Latest publications

Do aquaculture interventions improve productivity, income, nutrition and women’s empowerment in low- and middle-income countries?

Systematic review Brief 3ie PDF icon 2021  
This brief is based on a review that synthesizes evidence on the effectiveness of interventions supporting farming of aquatic organisms and aiming to improve productivity, income, nutrition and women's empowerment in low-and middle-income countries.

What stimulates the demand for grid-based electrification in low-and middle-income countries?

Working paper 3ie PDF icon 2021  
Authors of this paper outline the findings from a rapid evidence assessment that synthesizes available rigorous impact evaluations of interventions that stimulate demand for electrification in resource-constrained settings.

Improving delivery and impacts of pro-poor programmes

Working paper 3ie PDF icon 2021  
Authors of this paper examine how the convergence of the National Rural Livelihoods Mission with the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MNREGS) in the early stages of the self-help group life cycle influences the project implementation and household outcomes.

Enabling women’s economic empowerment through collective enterprises in rural India

Programme overview Brief 3ie PDF icon 2021  
This brief provides an overview of 3ie's Swashakt programme, which supports the implementation and evaluation of nine projects to set up and strengthen enterprises of women's empowerment collectives in nine Indian states.

Strengthening women’s empowerment and gender equality in fragile contexts towards peaceful and inclusive societies

Systematic review 3ie PDF icon 2021  
The authors of this systematic review assess the effects of gender-specific and transformative interventions on women’s empowerment and gender equality in fragile and conflict-affected states and their contribution to building peaceful and inclusive societies.

Evaluation of secondary school teacher training under the School Sector Development Programme in Nepal

Impact evaluation 3ie PDF icon 2021  
Authors of this report estimate the impacts of teacher training programmes aimed at secondary school maths and science teachers on their subject knowledge, teaching practices and student test scores. These training programmes form a key component of the government's efforts to improve quality through the School Sector Development Programme. 

Do financial inclusion schemes empower women? Evidence on what works from India’s National Rural Livelihoods Project

Working paper Brief 3ie PDF icon 2021  
This brief is based on a working paper that provides empirical evidence in support of the hypothesis that providing women with access to large loans enhances their decision-making ability within the household.

What factors positively affect the adoption of agricultural technologies by smallholder farmers?

Other briefs 3ie PDF icon 2021  
Authors of this rapid response brief examine the evidence on the determinants of adoption of improved agricultural technologies by smallholder farmers. The findings are drawn from different evidence syntheses and meta-analyses, that include studies from across L&MICs.

Understanding India’s self-help groups: an organisational anatomy of functionality in a district in Madhya Pradesh

Working paper 3ie PDF icon 2021  
Authors of this working paper present findings of a qualitative research study on the functioning of women’s self-help groups in Madhya Pradesh.

Women’s economic status and son preference: empirical evidence from private school enrolment in India

Working paper 3ie PDF icon 2021  
Authors of this working paper provide evidence on the effect of improvements in women’s access to financial resources on gender inequalities in private schooling investments in rural India.