The effects of land titling on the urban poor: a replication of property rights for the poor

The effects of land titling on the urban poor: a replication of property rights for the poor

3ie Replication paper 9

Drew B. Cameron, Edward M. Whitney and Paul C. Winters

In this replication study, Drew B. Cameron, Edward M. Whitney, and Paul C. Winters seek to replicate the results of an influential 2010 study, Property rights for the poor: Effects of land titling by Sebastian Galiani and Ernesto Schargrodsky. The original study evaluated the impact of land titling on poverty reduction through a natural experiment where the government in Buenos Aires, Argentina awarded land titles to squatters living in a poor, urban area. The original authors found that titling substantially increased housing investment. Further, they found that land titling instigated a number of social impacts through a slow channel of increased physical and human capital investment rather than expanded land collateralisation, as commonly assumed.

In the pure replication, the replication researchers reproduced the original author’s statistical procedures. The robustness of these original results help confirm the importance of the original study. Due to the unavailability of the original questionnaires and the raw data, the replication researchers were unable to perform some of their planned robustness checks of the original research. However, in their additional analyses, the replication researchers expanded on the original theory of change. The replication study suggest broader possible effects and recommends pathways to the effects of property right allocation for future research.

Read an interview with Paul Winters, co-author of this study, who talks about replication research.

3ie Replication paper 18

Savings revisited: a replication study of a savings intervention in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2018

Jesper Stage and Tharshini Thangavelu replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Lasse Brune and colleagues in 2016 in Malawi.


Mobile money and its impact on improving living conditions in Niger: a replication study

Replication paper 3ie

Edmundo Beteta and colleagues replicate the results of a randomized evaluation carried out by Aker and colleagues in 2016 in Niger.

3ie Replication Paper 17

Thou shalt be given... but how? A replication study of a randomized experiment on food assistance in northern Ecuador

Replication paper 3ie 2018

Lhachimi and Seuring re-examine the results of a cluster-randomized evaluation carried out by Melissa Hidrobo and colleagues in 2013 in two provinces in northern Ecuador.


Preventing HIV and HSV-2 through improving knowledge and attitudes: a replication study of a multicomponent intervention in Zimbabwe

Replication paper 3ie 2018
Yu and colleagues conducted a replication study of an influential paper “The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: results of a randomised trial of an HIV prevention intervention for Zimbabwean youth” by Frances Cowan and colleagues.


When to start ART? A replication study of timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1-associated Tuberculosis

Replication paper 3ie 2018
In this paper, the research team conducted a replication study of Havlir and others’ 2011 study, “Timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection and tuberculosis.”