Systematic reviews

Our systematic reviews appraise and synthesise the available high-quality evidence on the effectiveness of social and economic development interventions in low- and middle-income countries. These reviews follow scientifically recognised review methods, and they are peer-reviewed and quality-assured according to internationally accepted standards. We publish the full systematic review technical reports on our website and in the Campbell Collaboration or other recognised library, and we produce summary reports and briefs tailored for decision makers and other users.

Latest systematic review technical reports
Systematic reviews

Systematic review technical reports

SR41

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and middle-income countries A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Hemming and colleagues examined the effectiveness of agricultural input subsidies.

SR40

Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Chinen and colleagues examined the effects on employment, income, sales, and profits.

Systematic review 39

Interventions to improve the labour market for adults living with physical and/or sensory disabilities in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017
This systematic review by Tripney and colleagues examines the evidence on the effects of interventions to improve the labour market for adults living with disabilities in low- and middle-income countries.

Systematic review 38

The effectiveness of contract farming in improving smallholder income and food security in low- and middle-income countries: a mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This systematic review by Ton and colleagues examines the effectiveness of contract farming, a common means of sourcing farm produce from smallholder farmers in low- and middle-income countries. Th

Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: A systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions

Interventions to improve the labour market outcomes of youth: A systematic review of training, entrepreneurship promotion, employment services and subsidized employment interventions

Systematic review 3ie 2017

This systematic review by Kluve and colleagues examines the effects of active labour market programmes for youth, including training and skills development, entrepreneurship promotion, employment s

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries A mixed-method systematic review

Promoting handwashing and sanitation behaviour change in low- and middle-income countries: A mixed-method systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2017
Authors of this review showswhich WASH promotional approaches are effective and which implementation factors affect the success or failure of such interventions