Effects and mechanisms of market-based reforms on access to electricity in developing countries: a systematic review

Effects and mechanisms of market-based reforms on access to electricity in developing countries: a systematic review

3ie Systematic review 31

Gunther Bensch, Maximiliane Sievert, Jörg Langbein and Nadine Kneppel

This systematic review by Bensch and colleagues examines the impacts of market-based reforms on access to electricity in developing countries, compiling evidence from both quantitative and qualitative rigorous impact evaluations. Findings suggest that electricity sector reforms are no panacea on their own. Since they are complex interventions that have techno-economic effects and affects political economy matters, they require strong collaboration between these fields of expertise. The review exposes considerable knowledge gaps – in terms of absolute and relative reform costs as well as reform effectiveness. The paucity of quantitative evidence can be traced to a combination of two factors: the lack of sufficiently detailed and internationally comparable data, and the methodological challenge to develop a convincing rigorous framework to empirically isolate reform effects from confounding factors. To counter these problems, regulators and ministries around the world are to be motivated to provide the data necessary for effectiveness and cost-effectiveness studies. More effort is also needed to cover indicators on potentially key technical, economic, and political mechanisms. 

SR40

Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Chinen and colleagues examined the effects on employment, income, sales, and profits.

SR41

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and middle-income countries A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Hemming and colleagues examined the effectiveness of agricultural input subsidies.

Systematic review 12

Services for street-connected children and young people in low- and middle-income countries: a thematic synthesis

Systematic review 3ie 2014

This systematic review by Coren and colleagues examines the effect of interventions that promote reintegration and reduce harmful behaviour among street-connected children and young people (SCCYP).

Systematic review 17

Payment for environmental services for reducing deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2015

The systematic review by Samii and colleagues examines the evidence on the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty outcomes.

Systematic review 16

Decentralised forest management for reducing deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2015

This systematic review by Samii and colleagues examines the evidence on the effects of decentralised forest management (DFM) interventions on deforestation and poverty outcomes.