Incorporating the life cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

Incorporating the life cycle approach into WASH policies and programmes: A systematic review

3ie Systematic review 35

Thillai Rajan Annamalai, Sriharini Narayanan, Ganesh Devkar, Venkata Santhosh Kumar, Reeba Devaraj, Akshaya Ayyangar and Ashwin Mahalingam

This systematic review assesses the extent to which WASH policies, programmes and projects in eleven priority countries have been inclusive of different population segments during the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) period. It examines whether life cycle segments (LCS), such as sex, age, gender and disability, and geographic and social segments (GSS), such as urban or rural location or socioeconomic status have been reflected in WASH policies, programmes and projects. The authors find they have increasingly identified LCS and GSS population segments. GSS were more likely to be identified than LCS. A robustness index shows that the identification of barriers, strategies and benefits was more comprehensive for GSS than for LCS. Overall, the evidence showed that policy goals are not always being incorporated into programmes and projects.

SR40

Vocational and business training to improve women’s labour market outcomes in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Chinen and colleagues examined the effects on employment, income, sales, and profits.

SR41

Agricultural input subsidies for improving productivity, farm income, consumer welfare and wider growth in low- and middle-income countries A systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2018

This systematic review by Hemming and colleagues examined the effectiveness of agricultural input subsidies.

Systematic review 12

Services for street-connected children and young people in low- and middle-income countries: a thematic synthesis

Systematic review 3ie 2014

This systematic review by Coren and colleagues examines the effect of interventions that promote reintegration and reduce harmful behaviour among street-connected children and young people (SCCYP).

Systematic review 17

Payment for environmental services for reducing deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2015

The systematic review by Samii and colleagues examines the evidence on the effects of payment for environmental services (PES) on deforestation and poverty outcomes.

Systematic review 16

Decentralised forest management for reducing deforestation and poverty in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review

Systematic review 3ie 2015

This systematic review by Samii and colleagues examines the evidence on the effects of decentralised forest management (DFM) interventions on deforestation and poverty outcomes.