HIV and AIDS

3ie is funding several studies on various aspects of HIV and AIDS prevention through three different evidence programmes. These include HIV Self-Testing, Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision and Integration of HIV Services. 

Charlotte Raymond Photography for International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)

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Voluntary medical male circumcision uptake through soccer in Zimbabwe

Voluntary medical male circumcision uptake through soccer in Zimbabwe

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This study assessed whether a 60-minute soccer-themed educational session led by a trained coach increased the demand for male circumcision among adolescent students in secondary schools in Bulaway

Optimising the use of economic interventions to increase demand for voluntary medical male circumcision in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Harsha Thirumurthy, Eunice Omanga, Samwel Ogik Rao, Kate Murray, Sam Masters, Kawango Agot
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

Voluntary medical male circumcision uptake through soccer in Zimbabwe

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Jeff DeCelles, Zak Kaufman, Kenneth Bhauti, Rebecca Hershow, Helen Weiss, Cynthia Chaibva, Netsai Moyo, Elise Braunschweig, Fennie Mantula, Karin Hatzold, David Ross
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

Demand creation for voluntary medical male circumcision in Tanzania

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Hally Mahler, Eva Bazant
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

The use of peer referral incentives to increase demand for voluntary medical male circumcision in Zambia

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Arianna Zanolini, Carolyn Bolton, Lane-Lee Lyabola, Gabriel Phiri, Alick Samona, Albert Kaonga, Harsha Thirumurthy
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

Using advertisements to create demand for voluntary medical male circumcision in South Africa

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Sasha Frade, Willa Friedman, Dino Rech, Nicholas Wilson
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

IEb21

Do lottery-based incentives help increase voluntary medical male circumcision?

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016
This brief is based on two 3ie-funded pilot interventions in Kenya and Tanzania. These studies were conducted to determine whether men aged 20–39 years responded to material incentives like smartphones or bicycles allocated through a lottery.

IEb22

Can peers and other influencers increase voluntary medical male circumcision uptake?

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016
This brief is based on findings from four 3ie-funded pilot interventions in Zimbabwe, South Africa, Zambia and Uganda that used role models, peers, partners and normative attitudes to evaluate whether or not these influencers had a positive impact on VMMC uptake. The impact evaluations summarised in this brief showed mixed results.

IEb23

Exploring the impacts of providing economics incentives to increase voluntary medical male circumcision

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016
This brief is based on two 3ie-funded pilot interventions in Kenya and South Africa that use economic incentives to evaluate if they increase VMMC uptake. The two studies used different forms of economic incentives with slightly different conditions to receive them.

The SASA! study: a cluster randomised trial to assess the impact of a violence and HIV prevention programme in Kampala, Uganda

The SASA! study: a cluster randomised trial to assess the impact of a violence and HIV prevention programme in Kampala, Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2015

The Centre for Domestic Violence Prevention in Kampala, Uganda implements SASA!, a community mobilisation intervention that seeks to change community attitudes, norms and behaviours that result in

IEb28

Encouraging HIV testing among truck drivers in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017
In African countries, men are less likely to test for HIV than women and truck drivers have even lower testing rates, despite being at high risk of contracting the virus.

IEb29

Encouraging Kenyan men to use HIV self-test kits

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017
Despite nearly universal uptake of HIV testing among women clients in antenatal care, testing among their male partners remains low. This brief summarises the findings of an impact evaluation by Gichangi and colleagues which assesses the effectiveness of providing HIV self-test kits to women to encourage testing among their male partners, as opposed to inviting men for a finger-prick HIV blood test at the antenatal clinic.

Behaviour change intervention to prevent HIV among women living in low- and middle-income countries

Behaviour change intervention to prevent HIV among women living in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2009

This review by Sandra McCoy et al. suggests that behavioural change interventions alone have been limited in their ability to control HIV transmission among women in low- and middle-income

There are no evidence gap maps
RP16

Preventing HIV and HSV-2 through improving knowledge and attitudes: a replication study of a multicomponent intervention in Zimbabwe

Replication paper 3ie 2018
Yu and colleagues conducted a replication study of an influential paper “The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: results of a randomised trial of an HIV prevention intervention for Zimbabwean youth” by Frances Cowan and colleagues.

RP14

When to start ART? A replication study of timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1-associated Tuberculosis

Replication paper 3ie 2018
In this paper, the research team conducted a replication study of Havlir and others’ 2011 study, “Timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection and tuberculosis.”

RP13

Stretching HIV treatment: A replication study of task shifting in South Africa

Replication paper 3ie 2017
Baojiang Chen and Morshed Alam conducted a replication study of Fairall and other’s influential paper, “Task shifting of antiretroviral treatment from doctors to primary-care nurses in South Africa (STRETCH)”.

Cash transfers and HIV/HSV-2 prevalence: a replication of a cluster randomized trial in Malawi

Cash transfers and HIV/HSV-2 prevalence: a replication of a cluster randomized trial in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2017
In this paper, Lynette Smith, Nick Hein and Danstan Bagenda conduct a replication study of the influential 2012 publication, Effect of a cash transfer programme for schooling on prevalence of HIV and herpes simplex type 2 in Malawi.

Male circumcision and HIV acquisition: reinvestigating the evidence from young men in Kisumu, Kenya

Male circumcision and HIV acquisition: reinvestigating the evidence from young men in Kisumu, Kenya

Replication paper 3ie 2015
In this replication study, Eric W. Djimeu, Jeffrey E. Korte, and Flor A. Calvo reevaluate some of the strongest evidence supporting HIV-related male circumcision interventions in the developing world.

RPS B1

Replicating influential HIV impact studies: lessons learned and next steps

Replication studies 3ie 2017
3ie funded five replication studies on influential impact evaluations of HIV prevention and treatment interventions. Impact evaluations studied included cash transfers, country-level development assistance programs, HIV education programs and approaches to administering antiretroviral therapy.