HIV and AIDS

3ie is funding several studies on various aspects of HIV and AIDS prevention through three different evidence programmes. These include HIV Self-Testing, Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision and Integration of HIV Services. 

Charlotte Raymond Photography for International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)

Related content

Voluntary medical male circumcision uptake through soccer in Zimbabwe

Voluntary medical male circumcision uptake through soccer in Zimbabwe

Impact evaluation 3ie 2016

This study assessed whether a 60-minute soccer-themed educational session led by a trained coach increased the demand for male circumcision among adolescent students in secondary schools in Bulaway

Optimising the use of economic interventions to increase demand for voluntary medical male circumcision in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Harsha Thirumurthy, Eunice Omanga, Samwel Ogik Rao, Kate Murray, Sam Masters, Kawango Agot
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

Voluntary medical male circumcision uptake through soccer in Zimbabwe

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Jeff DeCelles, Zak Kaufman, Kenneth Bhauti, Rebecca Hershow, Helen Weiss, Cynthia Chaibva, Netsai Moyo, Elise Braunschweig, Fennie Mantula, Karin Hatzold, David Ross
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

Demand creation for voluntary medical male circumcision in Tanzania

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Hally Mahler, Eva Bazant
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

The use of peer referral incentives to increase demand for voluntary medical male circumcision in Zambia

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Arianna Zanolini, Carolyn Bolton, Lane-Lee Lyabola, Gabriel Phiri, Alick Samona, Albert Kaonga, Harsha Thirumurthy
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

Using advertisements to create demand for voluntary medical male circumcision in South Africa

Impact evaluation 3ie

Publication type: 3ie series report
Author: Sasha Frade, Willa Friedman, Dino Rech, Nicholas Wilson
Sector: Health Nutrition and Population, Nutrition, Social Protection

ie86-hivst-zambart-community-zambia

Community-based distribution of oral HIV self-testing kits: experimental evidence from Zambia

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Authors piloted a door-to-door offer of a choice between counselor-provided finger-prick rapid HIV testing, or oral HIV self-testing in the presence or absence of the counselor.

ie84

Direct provision versus facility collection of HIV tests: impacts of self-testing among female sex workers in Uganda

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
Authors evaluated the impacts on HIV testing rates of directly providing female sex workers with HIV self-test kits or coupons that they could exchange for a free test kit, as well as a peer educator referring them to a facility for standard testing.

ie83

Increasing female sex worker HIV testing: effects of peer educators and HIV self-tests in Zambia

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018

Authors assessed whether peer educators promoting HIV self-tests increased HIV testing among female sex workers in transit towns.

IE82

Impacts of community delivery of antiretroviral drugs in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Impact evaluation 3ie 2018
This evaluation showed that community delivery of drugs by community health workers to clinically stable patients is not inferior to standard care, where patients visit a clinic-based doctor to refill prescriptions. 

Evaluating oral HIV self-testing to increase HIV testing uptake among truck drivers in Kenya

Evaluating oral HIV self-testing to increase HIV testing uptake among truck drivers in Kenya

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017

In many African countries, men are less likely to test for HIV than women. Truck drivers, a male-dominated profession, have even lower HIV testing rates.

ie63

Integration of EPI and paediatric HIV services for improved ART initiation in Zimbabwe

Impact evaluation 3ie 2017

Although there have been successes in implementing an early infant diagnosis of HIV programme in Zimbabwe, challenges remain in linking mother-infant pairs to HIV testing, counselling and treatment

Behaviour change intervention to prevent HIV among women living in low- and middle-income countries

Behaviour change intervention to prevent HIV among women living in low- and middle-income countries

Systematic review 3ie 2009

This review by Sandra McCoy et al. suggests that behavioural change interventions alone have been limited in their ability to control HIV transmission among women in low- and middle-income

There are no evidence gap maps
RP16

Preventing HIV and HSV-2 through improving knowledge and attitudes: a replication study of a multicomponent intervention in Zimbabwe

Replication paper 3ie 2018
Yu and colleagues conducted a replication study of an influential paper “The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: results of a randomised trial of an HIV prevention intervention for Zimbabwean youth” by Frances Cowan and colleagues.

RP14

When to start ART? A replication study of timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1-associated Tuberculosis

Replication paper 3ie 2018
In this paper, the research team conducted a replication study of Havlir and others’ 2011 study, “Timing of antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection and tuberculosis.”

RP13

Stretching HIV treatment: A replication study of task shifting in South Africa

Replication paper 3ie 2017
Baojiang Chen and Morshed Alam conducted a replication study of Fairall and other’s influential paper, “Task shifting of antiretroviral treatment from doctors to primary-care nurses in South Africa (STRETCH)”.

Cash transfers and HIV/HSV-2 prevalence: a replication of a cluster randomized trial in Malawi

Cash transfers and HIV/HSV-2 prevalence: a replication of a cluster randomized trial in Malawi

Replication paper 3ie 2017

In this paper, Lynette Smith, Nick Hein and Danstan Bagenda conduct a replication study of the influential 2012 publication, 

Male circumcision and HIV acquisition: reinvestigating the evidence from young men in Kisumu, Kenya

Male circumcision and HIV acquisition: reinvestigating the evidence from young men in Kisumu, Kenya

Replication paper 3ie 2015

In this replication study, Eric W. Djimeu, Jeffrey E. Korte, and Flor A.

RPS B1

Replicating influential HIV impact studies: lessons learned and next steps

Replication studies 3ie 2017
3ie funded five replication studies on influential impact evaluations of HIV prevention and treatment interventions. Impact evaluations studied included cash transfers, country-level development assistance programs, HIV education programs and approaches to administering antiretroviral therapy.