Various state governments in India provide sanitation-linked livelihoods programs to empower economically and socially marginalized sections such as women, transgenders and the differently-abled in urban areas. 3ie, with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, undertook a learning study to understand the barriers and facilitators in programs related to faecal sludge and septage management in Odisha, Tamil Nadu and Telangana. The findings on factors that influence these enterprises' acceptability, adoption, feasibility, and sustainability to engage members are expected to help in their scale-up and inform other states piloting similar initiatives. For more information and reports from the study, please visit here.
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