Supplementary feeding for improving the health of disadvantaged infants and young children: a systematic review
3ie systematic review 15, 2016
Elizabeth Kristjansson, Damian Francis, Selma Liberato, Trish Greenhalgh, Vivian Welch , Maria Benkhalti Jandu, Malek Batal, Tamara Rader, Eamonn Noonan, Laura Janzen, Beverley Shea, George A Wells and Mark Petticrew
This systematic review by Kristjansson and colleagues examines whether food supplementation is effective in improving the health of disadvantaged children aged 3 months to 5 years, and the factors that contribute to the effectiveness of food supplementation programmes. The programmes are commonly conducted to close the energy gap from poor nutrition, as well as to reduce the risks of lowered cognitive functioning, poor school performance and poor health. Included studies were a mix of randomised controlled trials and controlled before-and-after design. Findings record a positive effect on the psychomotor development of a child, but no clear evidence of an effect on cognitive development. Authors find that strictly supervised supplementation programmes are more effective than distributing home rations. They further conclude that implementation is crucial in determining programme effectiveness.
The authors of this systematic review assess the effects of gender-specific and transformative interventions on women’s empowerment and gender equality in fragile and conflict-affected states and their contribution to building peaceful and inclusive societies.
In this review, Sonnenfeld and colleagues synthesise evidence on programmes that promote intergroup social cohesion as a means of supporting sustainable peace in fragile communities in low- and middle-income countries.
In this review, Moore and colleagues synthesise available evidence on the effectiveness of electricity interventions on socio-economic outcomes for households, firms and communities in low- and middle- income countries.
This review by Snilsveit and colleagues examines evidence from 18 economic incentives-based payment for environmental services programmes to understand the effectiveness on environmental and socio-economic outcomes.