While there are a number of transparency and accountability initiatives in the natural resources governance sector, evidence on the impact of these initiative remains sparse. This paper synthesises key lessons from seven impact evaluations of these initiatives in the extractives sector. The synthesis shows that providing information alone may not be sufficient. Instead, information combined with deliberations positively affect knowledge, trust and demand for accountability. Information leads to higher levels of trust only when shared with the public and not when it is solely in the hands of political elites. There is very little evidence on the relative effectiveness of various modalities of sharing information, deliberation and their combinations. Similarly, need exists for more evidence on the role of technology and big data in informing the design and evaluation of these initiatives. There is also a substantial evidence gap on the gendered differential impacts of extractives on women and on ensuring equitable access to resources from the extractive industries.
The authors of this paper have proposed a framework that categorises existing interventions and outcomes in climate change and biodiversity programming in L&MICs and is intended to serve as a comprehensive basis for an Evidence Gap Map of interventions in the climate and biodiversity sectors. This work was commissioned by UK’s Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra).
This paper presents a unifying framework for understanding the impact of India’s National Rural Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) on livelihoods and social outcomes. It derives key insight from the literature on economic growth. This paper is part of our ongoing Rural India Livelihoods Program supported by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
The authors of this report present findings of a rapid evidence assessment on the effects of democracy and freedom interventions in democratic backsliding contexts. This report was commissioned by the United Kingdom’s Foreign, Commonwealth and Development Office (FCDO).