In Mozambique, only 4 out of 100 children go to preschool and very few programmes are available in rural areas where poverty is more acute. Existing evidence shows that investment in education early in life gives children a head start, and has effects on their immediate well-being and future prospects. But such evidence is not available from Africa. Are effective pre-school interventions viable in poor rural African communities?
A randomised control trial was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Save the Children’s preschool programme on children’s enrolment and readiness for primary school in rural Mozambique. This study is funded by 3ie and the World Bank Spanish Impact Evaluation Fund and is the first evaluation of an early childhood development programme in Africa.
The first issue of Evidence in Brief draws on the key findings of this 3ie supported impact evaluation.
Children who attended preschool:
Are more likely to enrol in primary school at the right age. They spend more time on schooling and less time working on the family farm.
Show large improvements in cognitive and problem solving abilities, fine motor skills and social behaviour.
Are less prone to diarrhea and skin problems, though there is no evidence of positive impacts on nutrition.
Their siblings are more likely to go to primary school.
Their caregivers show improvements in parenting practices and an increase in parents' employment.
As a result of these findings, the Ministry of Education in Mozambique is now planning to extend community-based preschools to 600 communities. Early childhood education was included in the country's 2012-2016 national education plan. The government has also created a national early childhood development commission.
This brief summarizes findings from three impact evaluations that assess whether the Philippine Supreme Court-initiated reforms in technology and case management practices improve court efficiency and reduce congestion and delays.
This brief summarizes lessons from an impact evaluation that measures the effectiveness of the Philippine government’s Sustainable Livelihood Program’s Microenterprise Development assistance through the Seed Capital Fund modality on labor outcomes, income, expenditure, savings and capital investment.
This brief summarises the findings of an evaluation that assessed the impact of the Philippine Department of Labor and Employment’s Special Program for Employment of Students targeting low-income youth.
This brief is based on an evaluation report that measures the impacts of India’s National Rural Livelihoods Project on a range of household and individual level economic, social and empowerment outcomes.
This brief presents findings of an evaluation that measures the impact of innovative models that use incentives, and information and communication technology to deliver extension services to farmers in Cambodia.