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August 2016   Making Evidence matter
New funding opportunities
Promoting Latrine Use in Rural India Thematic Window
3ie and the research institute for compassionate economics (r.i.c.e), with support from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, will fund evaluations of interventions tackling open defecation in rural India. The new 3ie thematic grant window aims to encourage exploratory work on interventions that use insights from behavioural science in creating effective solutions to combat open defecation. The deadline for submitting qualifications is 18:00 IST, 27 September 2016. Click here for more information.

Policy Window Philippines Supreme Court
3ie is requesting research organisations or consortia to submit qualifications for a proposal preparation grant under 3ie’s Policy Window Philippines. The proposal will be for a rigorous impact evaluation of one or more reforms undertaken by the Supreme Court of the Philippines. The reform that will be evaluated and the evaluation questions will be determined during the proposal preparation phase, in consultation with the Supreme Court. The deadline for applications is 23:59 GMT, 22 September 2016. Click here for more information.
Agricultural Innovation Thematic Window
3ie will fund an impact evaluation of an integrated soil fertility management programme in Burkina Faso. The deadline for applications for a proposal preparation grant is 23.59 GMT, 23 August 2016. Click here for more information.
New members
The Government for the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires, Argentina; Ministre chargé de la Planification du Développement (Ministry of Development Planning), Togo and the Ministry of Vocational Training and Employment, Republic of Tunisia.
New associate members
Research Solutions Africa Ltd, Kemya; Micro-Credit Ratings International (M-CRIL) India and University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, USA
Evidence uptake and use from 3ie-funded studies
Informing the discussion on the impact of India’s largest public works programme: Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) aims to enhance livelihood security in rural India by providing at least 100 days of wage employment in a year to every household whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. One of the largest public works programme in the world, MGNREGA, since its inception in 2006, has paid close to USD$25 billion in wages and generated 12 billion person-days of employment. 3ie is currently supporting the International Food Policy Research Institute to evaluate MGNREGA’s targeting accuracy and its impact on wider economy, among other questions. The research team has been working in close collaboration with the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), holding numerous meetings to keep key officials abreast of study progress and findings. MoRD has found the evaluation to be extremely useful as an undertaking, and the findings have been mentioned in the second volume of an anthology, MGNREGA Sameeksha II published by MoRD. The anthology includes all major studies undertaken on MGNREGA since 2012. Additionally, one of the co-principal investigators on the impact evaluation, Sudha Narayanan has been invited to review and provide inputs on the tools for evaluations that MoRD is planning to commission.
3ie at events
Delhi seminar, 24 June
Long-term food and health policies for enhancing children’s physical development: evidence from a longitudinal study in the Philippines. Alok Bhargava, a professor at the University of Maryland, presented on how rigorous econometric and statistical analyses can improve our understanding of the effects of socioeconomic, behavioural and nutritional variables on outcomes, such as children’s height and weight in developing countries. The talk provided insights into the role played by children’s sicknesses on their physical development. Bhargava highlighted the importance of reducing children’s morbidity via environmental interventions and immunisations.
3ie @ AIDS2016, 18-22 July, Durban, South Africa. 3ie staff hosted a pre-completion workshop for research teams that have been awarded grants under 3ie’s Integration of HIV Services Thematic Window. Five government representatives from Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe, where studies are being implemented, also attended the workshop. They also provided valuable insights for a panel session organised at the conference. 3ie research teams presented posters on studies evaluating the impact of HIV self-testing interventions in Kenya and Zambia.
Register now!

The What Works Global Summit (WWGS) will take place on 26-28 September, with pre-summit workshops taking place on 24-25. This major event, which 3ie is co-sponsoring, will be an international platform to share evidence and experiences from around the world and across sectors. For more details about WWGS, please click here. To register, please click here.

WWGS highlight: 3ie is launching its report of major new systematic review on education effectiveness.

3ie will launch the summary report of its comprehensive systematic review on education effectiveness in the session, Is there a magic bullet for achieving quality education for all? A systematic review of the evidence. The review one of the most ambitious conducted to date. It assesses the impact of a range of interventions on a host of outcomes, including children’s school participation, learning and teacher performance. Click here for more details. If you cannot attend, the report will be available on the 3ie website from the 27th. Please click here to know more about 3ie-sponsored seminars, conferences and other events.

New 3ie publications
Impact Evaluations
Computers as tutors? Making the best use of China's 12th five-year plan investment by Mo et al. looked at the factors that influence the effectiveness of information, communication and technology as an educational tool in China. Researchers found that a researcher-implemented computer-assisted learning programme for providing remedial English tutoring was more effective in improving student performance as compared to a government-implemented programme.

Systematic reviews
Business support for small and medium enterprises in low- and middle-income countries by Piz et al. looks at measures of performance of small businesses (SMEs), including revenues, profits and productivity, as well as the firms’ ability to generate employment and their labour productivity. The review suggests that, on average, offering business support to SMEs improves their performance, their ability to create jobs, their labour productivity and their ability to invest.

Parental, community and familial support for children’s literacy in developing countries by Spier et al. examined the effectiveness of the contextual influences of such support on children’s literacy development. Researchers found that educational television had a positive impact on young children’s literacy development, if the child viewed the programming three to five times per week (but not at a lower dosage). Interventions intended to support parents’ ability to develop their child’s school readiness were not effective overall, although they did have some positive effects in some countries. Peer-led tutoring improved children’s school readiness in writing, but not in other areas of literacy.

Factors affecting uptake of voluntary and community-based health insurance schemes in low-and middle-income countries by Panda et al. examines the demand and supply factors that affect uptake and renewal of community-based voluntary health insurance (CBHI) schemes in low- and middle-income countries. The authors analysed the factors that affect joining on a voluntary basis and retaining members. The review suggests that enrolments in CBHI were positively associated with household income, education of the head of household, age of the head of the household, household size, female-headed household, married head of the household and presence of chronic illness episodes in the household.

Systematic review summary reports
Effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ economic outcomes and food security is based on a systematic review by Stewart et al. that synthesises evidence on the effects of training, innovation and new technology on African smallholder farmers’ income, assets and food security. There is tentative evidence that agricultural input innovations may increase the nutritional status of farming households and, to a lesser degree, the monetary value of farmers’ harvests. There is also evidence that bottom-up training interventions may improve farmers’ income levels.

3ie has published new briefs based on these 3ie-supported systematic reviews. What works in addressing the needs of street-connected children and young people; Do self-help groups empower women? Evidence from a systematic review; and Do programmes outside the formal education system improve children’s literacy in developing countries?
3ie in the news
3ie’s youth and transferable skills evidence gap map was cited in the Huffington Post.
New on the 3ie Evidence Matters blog
What’s first for replication studies is what’s next for 3ie’s replication programm Annette N Brown and Benjamin DK Wood explain why push-button replications are an important first step in replication studies.

Implementing impact evaluations: trade-offs and compromises Diana Milena Lopez Avila draws on the experiences shared at a recent workshop held by 3ie and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.

Is impact evaluation still on the rise? Jorge Miranda, Shayda Sabet and Annette N Brown announce the full update of the Impact Evaluation Repository (IER), which is now comprehensive through the end of September 2015. 3ie’s fully updated IER helps 3ie track key trends in the field of international development.

Visit the blog, Evidence Matters to view all of our posts.
Other updates
Impact Evaluation Repository (IER): 3ie’s recently fully updated IER now holds 4,260 impact evaluation records, including those in French, Portuguese and Spanish.

Expert roster:The 3ie expert roster has now a total to 436 researchers spanning across fields of expertise.
Jobs at 3ie
Deputy director, head of the Washington Office: Click here to read the details.

Intern, 3ie Washington, DC: Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis until the position is filled. Read Terms of Reference (TOR)

Push-button replication research consultant, 3ie, Washington, DC: Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis until the position is filled. Read TOR

Scoping work research consultant, 3ie, Washington, DC: Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis until the position is filled. Read TOR

Policy, Advocacy and Communication intern, 3ie, New Delhi: Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis until the position is filled. Read TOR

Evidence uptake monitoring and learning consultant, 3ie, New Delhi: Applications will be reviewed on a rolling basis until the position is filled. Read TOR
Other job opportunities
Innovation Programme Research Partner, IPPF, Denmark. The deadline for applications is 31 August.  

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3ie is an international grant-making NGO promoting evidence-informed development policies and programmes. We are the global leader in funding and producing high-quality evidence of what works, how, why and at what cost. We believe that better and policy-relevant evidence will make development more effective and improve people’s lives.

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